Kenya officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa and a founding member of the East African Community (EAC). Its capital and largest city is Nairobi. Kenya’s territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and southwest, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi), and had a population of approximately 48 million people in January 2017.
The emergence of pre-school education in Kenya started in the 1940s. Since then, there has been a steady expansion in the number of children getting early childhood education. The National Centre runs early childhood education for Eaarly Childhood Education (NACECE) and District Centres for the Early Childhood Education (DICECE).
It is provided in a range of pre-schools known as nursery schools, day care centres, kindergartens, pre-primary units and early childhood development and education centres.
In 2009, Kenya had 38,247 pre-schools – 23,823 public and 14, 424 private. Enrolment stood at 1.9 million children and teachers were 78,000.
It encompasses technical, industrial, vocational and entrepreneurship training (TIVET) programmes. Kenya has 805 public and private institutions- national polytechnics, institutes of technology, technical training institutes and youth polytechnics. In 2009, enrolment stood at 71,513 compared to 85,200 students in 2008. The lower enrolment was due to upgrading of the Kenya polytechnic and Mombasa polytechnic to university college status in 2009.
The youth polytechnics had the highest enrolment among TIVET institutions at 43.8 per cent – from 29, 697 in 2008 to 31, 344 in 2009. Technical institutes numbers rose from 29,008 in 2008 to 22, 437 in 2009. Enrolment in institues of technology increased marginally from 10, 575 in 2008 to 10, 733 in 2009. In the 2010-2011 budget, 14 institutes of science and technology were allocated sh 560 million to upgrade thier facilities.